Promotion of private charging points: What you need to know!

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Promotion of private charging points Contribution chart
2020 was a very good year for the electric mobility industry. The public charging network was expanded by 10,056 new public charging points, new registrations of electric vehicles reached a new record high of 194,163, new subsidies for electric mobility were introduced and existing ones increased. For example, the environmental bonus for the purchase of an electric vehicle was increased to up to 9,000 euros and the installation of private charging points, for example in the form of wallboxes, has been subsidised since November 2020. You can read more about who benefits from this funding and how to obtain it here!


Promotion of charging stations: Overview graphic on the promotion of private charging points

Promotion of charging station: WHICH CHARGING INSTALLATIONS are eligible?

There are differences in charging facilities, for example in terms of their power, and not all are subsidized. To receive funding for the installation of your private charging station, certain criteria must be met. Eligible charging points are those with a charging capacity of exactly 11 kW. This can be, for example, a wallbox for mounting on the carport or garage wall. Likewise, a charging facility, for example a free-standing charging pole, can also have two 11 kW charging points, both of which are then eligible for €900 in funding. The prerequisite is that the charging points are equipped with a secure digital, bidirectional communication interface to enable intelligent control as well as integration into an energy management system. The intelligent control does not have to be built directly. The charging points only need to have the ability to be intelligently controlled by means of an interface. The goal here is to promote the most "intelligent" and sustainable charging technology possible, with the ability to allow control in the future. Furthermore, your charging equipment must be capable of software updates so that it is always up to date. In addition, at the request of the network operator, the requirements for the control of the charging point in accordance with §14a of the Energy Industry Act must be guaranteed. In this case, your network operator is authorized to reduce your charging current for defined times in the event of an imminent overload of the network. The technical requirements for an eligible charging point sound complex and confusing at first. To gain more clarity, you can read about them in the List of eligible charging technology therefore precisely understand whether a particular loading device can be promoted.


The technical requirements are one side of the coin, but there are other conditions that must be met in order to receive funding. Funding is only granted for projects whose total costs, including the purchase price of the charging technology, installation and connection of the charging station, and all installation work, exceed 900 euros. In addition, the private charging point must be installed on an existing residential building and the electricity required must come from renewable sources. To do this, simply submit your electricity supply contract as proof when applying for funding. Incidentally, this requirement can also be an advantage. Because when you install your wallbox, you have the option of obtaining a favorable Green electricity tariff for e-vehicles and even save on electricity costs in the long run. Do you generate your own electricity at home instead? Then attach an informal self-declaration to your subsidy application.


Subsidizing private charging points is a big step toward an even more electric vehicle-friendly future. But not everyone can take advantage of it. Eligible applicants are those who invest in a charging point on an existing residential building that they either own or use. These include:
  • Private owners
  • Condominium owners' associations
  • Tenant
  • Or landlords of residential property (private individuals, companies, housing cooperatives)


However, there are also some criteria that exclude funding for private charging points. For example, installations of charging stations by companies are not subsidised. Wallboxes installed at your home by your employer are also not eligible for funding. The same applies to buildings with accommodation, i.e. hotels, holiday flats or weekend homes. And if you are in the construction phase of your home, unfortunately you cannot apply for funding either.

Promotion charging station: HOW IT WORKS

What exactly do you have to do now to claim the subsidy for private charging points? It is important that you submit your application via the KfW grant portal before the start of your project. Furthermore, the applicant must be the bearer of the installation costs. The table below provides an overview of the grants you can expect.
1 900 EUR e.g. 700 EUR 0
1 900 EUR min. 900 EUR 900 EUR
2 1.800 EUR e.g. EUR 1,500 900 EUR
2 1.800 EUR min. 1,800 EUR 1.800 EUR
3 2.700 EUR e.g. EUR 2,100 1.800 EUR
3 2.700 EUR min. 2,700 EUR 2.700 EUR


To illustrate in which cases it is worthwhile to subsidise the installation of private charging points, two case studies are presented below.


You are an EFH owner and are thinking about installing charging technology for your new electric car. Whether you should take advantage of the subsidy depends on several factors. The requirements for the wallbox according to KfW funding are comparatively high. In the area of single-family homes, for example, integration into an energy management system is not absolutely necessary, in contrast to multi-family homes. This feature makes eligible wallboxes more expensive in most cases than models without bidirectional communication connection. If you do not plan to control your wallbox via a charging app or integrate it into an energy management system, for example in combination with a PV system, a wallbox in the range of 500 to 600 euros is usually sufficient. This may even be cheaper than an eligible model minus the subsidy amount.


Do you live in an apartment building and want to have charging technology installed for your e-vehicle? Then you will definitely benefit from the new KfW funding. The requirements for charging technology in apartment buildings are significantly higher than in single-family homes and correspond to those of the KfW funding. This is because in a multi-family house all tenants, or flat owners, usually share a house connection. Additional power for charging several e-vehicles is usually not planned. While the grid operator does not require approval for additional consumers up to 11 kW, projects above this limit must be checked and approved in advance by the grid operator. This means that already from two residents with one 11 kW charging point each, the existing house connection capacity may no longer be sufficient and must be upgraded by the grid operator. In such cases, a load management system is used so that the increase in power and the associated costs do not get out of hand with an increasing number of charging points in the property. This prevents the available power for electric mobility from being exceeded, even if several e-vehicles are being charged at the same time. For this purpose, the wallboxes in the apartment building necessarily require the communication capability required by KfW and are therefore comparatively expensive. You will therefore save money in any case through the subsidy in the MFH.



In addition to the subsidy for private charging points, e-car owners can also look forward to other subsidy opportunities. When an electric vehicle is newly registered, up to 9,000 euros in environmental bonuses are paid and as an owner of an electric car you are still exempt from vehicle tax for 10 years. Everything about subsidies and what else has changed can be read in detail here.



The various options for promoting electromobility are also making it increasingly attractive. On the very first day of the new funding for private charging points, KfW received over 16,000 applications. Within the first week, even more than 85,000. According to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, a new edition of the funding programme Charging Infrastructure for Electromobility in the amount of 500 million euros is also planned for the beginning of 2021. This is intended to further promote the installation of public charging infrastructure in Germany until 2025. It is therefore to be expected that the availability of charging options at home and in public spaces will continue to increase strongly. Ultimately, electric vehicle owners and all those who are considering switching to electric mobility will benefit from this.

A contribution by Lisa Troeger

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